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MITI's Portal






Doha Development Agenda, sometimes Doha Round. Unofficial name of the Doha Work Programme on negotiations and implementation. [read more]

De minimis

Minimal amounts of domestic support that are allowed even though they distort trade — up to 5% of the value of production for developed countries, 10% for developing. [read more]

De Minimis

A measure which allows the usage of the non-originating materials to be used in the production of the originating good. [read more]

Decoupled Income Support

Subsidies/support provide to farmers that is not linked to (is decoupled from) prices or production. [read more]

Debt Service Ratio

In conformity with the definition used by Central Bank of Malaysia and Treasury, debt service ratio is the amount of principal repayments (excluding prepayments) and interest payments [read more]

Digital Marketing

Marketing of products or services using digital channels to reach consumers. Digital marketing extends beyond internet marketing to include channels that do not require the use of the internet. [read more]

Doha Development Agenda (DDA/Doha Development Round)

The Doha Round or the Doha Development Agenda is the latest round of trade negotiations among WTO membership. The work program covers about 20 areas and a basic objective to improve the trading prospects of developing countries. Key ... [read more]

Domestic Regulations

Unpacking GATS Article VI.4 on domestic regulation exposes possibly the single most controversial item on the current negotiating agenda, and also one of the greatest threats that GATS poses to democracy. Concern is all the greater because it is not ... [read more]

Domestic Support (Subsidies)

In WTO terminology, subsidies in general are identified by “boxes” which are given the colours of traffic lights: green (permitted), amber (slow down — i.e. to be reduced), red (forbidden). In agriculture, domestic support refers ... [read more]


Contract of carriage that includes pre-carriage, main-carriage and on-carriage by the same carrier: Door-to- (Air) Port: Contract of carriage including pre-carriage and main-carriage to airport or ocean port or truck terminal port or rail port (Air) ... [read more]

Duty Drawback Facility

Rebate of import duties when the imported good is re-exported or used as input to the production of an exported good. [read more]


Documentary Bills for Collection - is a service provided by banks whereby the exporter having shipped the goods, delivers the documents to his bank (Remitting Bank) with instructions to have the documents presented to the importer through a ... [read more]


Differential Export Taxes - The differential export tax (DET) is the difference of the export tax on raw materials and the finished product. [read more]


Duty Free Quota Free - Special treatment accorded to LDCs where by developed countries will allow DFQF access for products from LDCs.  [read more]